This decision was in no way considered to be a “retaliation” or a “counter-measure” on the issue of former civilian workers on the Korean peninsula. Such a link only masks the causes of two very different problems. 1 Disputes between the parties regarding the interpretation and implementation of this agreement are initially resolved through diplomatic channels. Among the eight points of the “outline of the Claims of the Republic of Korea against Japan”, referred to during the negotiations, were added “accrued wages of the Koreans” and “compensation for the damage caused by the war to the Koreans. It is clear from the protocol agreed to in the 1965 agreement that the claims that were settled “fully and definitively” contained all those within the scope of these eight points. “Diplomatic Propriety – Our Interests With Japan” is written by Yoo Eui-sang and recalls the entire process of obtaining the 1965 Korea-Japan Agreement. It is based on primary sources and decommissioned records of both governments. In his 1974 lecture with the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Eisaku Sata explicitly mentioned the basic relations treaty between Japan and South Korea. He stressed that the essential aspects of the expanded negotiations that highlighted the bilateral agreement were “the central idea of equality and mutual benefit and the realistic approach to friendship with close neighbours.” [3] (a) Japanese products and services of the Japanese population, which are free and whose total value in yen will be such that they will be equivalent to three hundred million dollars (300,000,000 USD), currently estimated at one hundred thousand billion yen (108,000,000,000) within ten years of the agreement coming into force. Deliveries of goods and services each year will be limited to as many yen as the 30 million dollars ($30,000,000) currently calculated at 10 billion yen ($10,800,000,000); if the one-year delivery is less than that amount, the balance is equal to the amount for subsequent and subsequent years. However, the maximum amount of one year can be increased by mutual agreement between the governments of the High Contracting Parties. Such consultations have not taken place in the past three years, despite repeated appeals from the Japanese side. In the meantime, there have been several inappropriate cases of export control with South Korea.

For this reason, Japan concluded that it could no longer maintain simplified procedures for exports to South Korea. (a) the property, rights and interests of persons of the Contracting High Party who have never stayed on the territory of the other High Contracting Party during the period between 15 August 1947 and the date of the signing of this agreement; In 1965, after 14 years of bitter negotiations, Japan and South Korea concluded “the agreement on the resolution of property and debt problems and on economic cooperation between Japan and the Republic of Korea.” Under the 1965 agreement, Japan provided $500 million in grants and loans, 1.6 times the South Korean state budget at the time.

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