DisintermediationDisinterization refers to the process in which banks are replaced by institutional (or non-international) investors. This is the process that the credit market has gone through over the last 20 years. Another example is the mortgage market, where the main investors of banks, savings banks and credit institutions have become lines structured by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and other securitization transactions. Of course, the list of abrupt markets is long and growing. In addition to loans and mortgages financed by borrowing, this list also includes auto loans and credit card receivables. For the transactions concluded, these are the 15 largest loans financed by the loan in the second quarter of 2018, as well as the private equity firm linked to them. Transfers are generally subject to the agreement of the borrower and agent, but consent can only be accepted if an appropriate objection is made. In many loan contracts, the issuer loses its right of approval in the event of a default. As a result, the most profitable loans are those to borrowers financed by borrowing – those with speculative credit ratings (traditionally double-B plus and lower) and spreads (premiums via LIBOR or any other basic interest rate) are sufficient to attract interest from non-bank futures investors (this spread will generally be LIBOR-200 or more , although this threshold decreases depending on market conditions). Certain conditions for considering acceptance of the LF takeover agreement have been an important story in the U.S. leverage market over the past year and a half. As institutional investors have been inundated with liquidity – thanks to unrelenting inflows into credit funds and ETFs – issuers have used market demand to reduce interest rates on existing loans, often by 100 basis points (and some have made returns to the market, usually after the six-month call premium of an agreement is removed). In January alone, there was an unprecedented $100 billion in activity, with the volume of repricing overshadowing previous spikes in repricing in the following months.
Of course, the revaluation of a loan is attractive to an issuer only if the credit spreads are less than what an issuer pays for existing debts. In July 2018, credit spreads for new bonds reached their lowest level, before rising significantly above a point where many companies paid existing loans. As a result, the repricing activity has completely disappeared. Leveraged loanJust was a leveraged loan is a discussion of long standing. Some participants use a cut-off spread: i.e. a loan with a libor spread 125 or LIBOR-150 or more qualified. If you have a revolving facility, you include compensation provisions in the Refund section. Renewable loans have only one period of interest.
Thus, at the end of each interest period, the borrower will generally want to partially or fully refinance its existing revolving loans by attracting new loans in Distress.